Renewable electricity generation in Germany increased to 194 billion kilowatthours (kWh) in 2015, representing 31% of the country’s gross electricity generation. The renewables electricity growth in 2015 was the largest in both percentage and absolute terms (19% and 32 billion kWh, respectively) in at least a decade.
Germany’s Energiewende, or energy transition policy, focuses on renewable energy and sustainable development. Energiewende goals include eliminating nonrenewable energy sources from Germany’s energy portfolio, phasing out nuclear power generation, reducing dependence on energy imports, and lowering carbon emissions. Official goals call for greenhouse gas reductions to 80% to 95% of 1990 levels by 2050 and a gradual phase-out of nuclear power by 2022. In 2015, 44% of Germany’s electricity production was generated from coal, 11% from other fossil fuels, and 15% from nuclear energy.
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